After reading a nice article written by Jeff Jones, a security researcher for Microsoft. He says he isn’t biased, saying he worked over 75% of his career outside Microsoft, using Slackware Linux, Unix, HP Unix etc. He claims Windows Vista has less security holes than popular versions of Linux, such as Ubuntu (he also compares Red Hat, Novell, Mac OS X). First let me say why his facts are distorted, and why he knows his facts are distorted. His facts do raise an issue of slow patching of vulnerabilities across the software Industry, but Linux performs the best consistently because anyone can audit the code. Here’s why his comparisons are uneven:
- Linux is open source, so various tools can be used to find vulnerabilities. We don’t have this luxury with Windows, any holes found are needles in a haystack, but the target of the Windows monopoly allows greater incentive to find these needles
- Linux has used SUDO and ROOT users properly since its inception (Think of Administrator in Windows). Anyone who is not a root user on Linux cannot install programs, make system wide changes, and you can even stop them from using USB keys, CD Drives etc if you are paranoid. Now this has received much attention, Vista has retroactively inserted this kind of security, but by my experience, it is very obtrusive, and can be switched off. Root in Linux is alot harder to stop, and theres no graphical way to do it, so the average user won’t.
- A link to my second point above, Programs in Linux can only access what they need to, the home folder of the user that is running it and very little else. I don’t know what the case is in Vista, but in Windows XP, almost any program could destroy your system, by picking at the much famed registry.
(click on Graphs to Enlarge)
As you can see, Ubuntu Linux 7.04 (released April) compares comparatively better to Vista, available since January. The Graphs are provided by Secunia, an independent security research firm. Microsoft often downplays vulnerabilities other companies like Secunia find, which is also a factor that Jeff Jones did not mention (maybe he forgot?). I forget where this famous quote comes from but I have paraphrased: “You cannot depend on a man understanding a problem if his salary depends on him not understanding it”, which I think affects Mr. Jeff Jones.